Compare And Contrast WW1 And WW2 Essay


World War I and World War II were two of the most devastating wars in human history. They were also very different wars, both in terms of their causes and their effects.

One major difference between the two wars was their scale. World War I was a global conflict, but World War II was even bigger, involving more countries and resulting in more casualties.

Another key difference is that World War I was fought mainly by European countries, while World War II saw fighting in every continent except Antarctica.

Causes is another area where the two wars differed. World War I was caused by a combination of factors, including nationalism, imperialism, and the alliance system. In contrast, World War II was caused primarily by the rise of Adolf Hitler and Nazi Germany.

Finally, the two wars had different impacts on the world. World War I led to the fall of several empires, while World War II resulted in the rise of new superpowers, such as the United States and the Soviet Union.

In short, World War I and World War II were two very different wars. They differed in terms of their scale, their causes, and their effects.

The causes of World War I differed from those of World War II in that the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria sparked off the first, whereas Adolf Hitler’s Nazi movement started the second; both countries were involved in both world wars.

Also, the U.S.A. became involved in World War II after Japan bombed Pearl Harbor, which is similar to how the U.S. became involved in World War I because Germany sunk the Lusitania, killing 128 Americans.

The outcomes of both World War I and World War II were also different; for example, at the end of World War I, the Treaty of Versailles was made between Germany and the Allies, but at the end of World War II, the Potsdam Declaration was made between the Allies and Japan.

The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria sparked off World War I. He was the heir to the throne of Austro-Hungary, and he was assassinated. Adolf Hitler’s Nazism triggered World War II. He attempted to start his first revolution during World War I at the Munich Putsch, also known as the Beer Hall putsch, but he was imprisoned for a year afterwards.

However, the World War II happened after two decades of the World War I. So, there were some similarities as well as differences between these two wars. The main aim of this paper is to compare and contrast both of these wars.

World War I was fought by many European countries while World War II was fought by many countries all over the world including Europe, Asia, and Africa.

In World War I, around 65 million soldiers were fighting while in World War II, around 85 million soldiers were fighting.

The total number of people killed in World War I was around 9 million while the total number of people killed in World War II was around 60 million.

Both of these wars used new technologies like poison gas, tanks, and submarines but the World War II saw more technological advances than the World War I.

The main difference between these two wars was that the World War II was much more destructive and deadly as compared to the World War I.

The World War II was also more violent than the First World War because Adolf Hitler compelled the Jewish people to genocide. He attempted to expand German dominance throughout Europe, which he accomplished with the Blitzkrieg fighting approach. Despite his success in utilizing the Blitzkrieg battle strategy, he was ultimately defeated by the Red Army. The Japanese were another reason for why the Second World War was so deadly. At 7:48 a.m., they attacked Pearl Harbor, where 2,403 individuals perished and most of them were from the US navy.

The United States dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in order to get Japan to surrender. In total, there were over 60 million people died in World War II which made it the deadliest conflict in human history.

On the other hand, World War I was fought mostly by European countries with some involvement from the United States. It began as a result of the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria which led to Austria-Hungary declaring war on Serbia.

This eventually led to a domino effect where various countries ended up joining either the Allies or the Central Powers. The fighting method used in World War I was much different from that of World War II as it involved trench warfare which resulted in a lot of casualties. In total, there were around 16 million people killed in World War I.

When comparing the two wars, it is clear that World War II was much deadlier than World War I. This can be attributed to the fact that there was a greater involvement of countries as well as more sophisticated weaponry.

Both World Wars involved Germany. Because the Serbs murdered Archduke, the Austrians aided Austria in fighting against the Serbs and their ally Russia, so Germany was dragged into World War I. After the war, five vanquished nations signed the Treaty of Versailles, which declared Germany and Austria responsible for causing the conflict and obligated them to pay compensation for all losses incurred during it. World War II happened because of the dissatisfaction of Treaty of Versailles, and also Adolf Hitler’s ambition to seek lebensraum for Germany.

The main difference between World War I and World War II was that United States did not participate in World War I but it played a significant role in World War II. In 1914, United States stated that it was neutral and would not get involved in European affairs. However, United States joined the World War II after Japan’s attacked on Pearl Harbor which brought America into the war. United States had been supplying Britain with weapons before it joined the war; therefore, it had already taken sides.


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