Bureaucracy and crime have been studied extensively over the years. There are a variety of models that attempt to explain how these two phenomena interact. The most prominent model is the bureaucracy model, which posits that crime is a byproduct of bureaucratic organizations. This model has been critiqued for its lack of empirical evidence, but it remains a popular theory.
The gang model is another popular explanation for crime. This model suggests that crime is a result of organized gangs who engage in criminal activity for profit or power. This model has been supported by empirical evidence, and it provides a more nuanced understanding of how crime occurs.
Both the bureaucracy model and the gang model have their strengths and weaknesses. However, both models offer important insights into the relationship between crime and bureaucracy. Further research is needed to fully understand this complex relationship.
Within the realm of criminal justice, there are two distinct varieties of organizations: bureaucratic and patron-client groups. Now, throughout this essay, the team will compare and contrast the many reasons why and how these two types of organizations are different.
Furthermore, the team will also provide examples of each type of organization. Bureaucratic organizations are set up like a business (Barkan, 2016). There is a leader at the top who gives orders to those beneath them and so on and so forth. These types of organizations work best when there is no corruption and everyone is following rules and regulations. An example of a bureaucratic organization would be the drug cartel. The drug cartel is very organized and has a strict hierarchy that everyone must follow.
With that in mind, there are a few fundamental distinctions to bear in mind. The primary distinction is that the patron-client organizations are referred to as those who choose to break the law, whereas administrative organizations are those who enforce it. Despite their many differences, these two groups do have certain things in common. This paper will explore numerous more ways in which these two types of organization differ from one another.
The first way that these two organizations differ is in the way that they are structured. The bureaucratic organization is a lot more formal than the patron-client organization. The bureaucratic organization has a very hierarchy based structure where everyone has their own specific role and responsibilities. This type of structure allows for there to be a clear chain of command and makes it easier for large organizations to function efficiently.
On the other hand, the patron-client organization is a lot less formalized and usually has a more horizontal structure. This means that people within the organization have a lot more freedom and are not restricted by their roles. This type of structure allows for more creativity and gives people the opportunity to take on different roles within the organization as needed.
Another big difference between these two types of organizations is the way that they make decisions. The bureaucratic organization is a lot more centralized and all decisions are made by a small group of people at the top of the hierarchy. This allows for decisions to be made quickly and efficiently, but it also means that there is less room for creativity and innovation. The patron-client organization is a lot more decentralized and decisions are usually made by consensus. This means that everyone has a say in the decision-making process, but it can sometimes lead to disagreements and delays in decision-making.
Finally, another key difference between these two types of organizations is the way that they deal with change. The bureaucratic organization is very resistant to change and prefers to stick to tried and tested methods. This can make it difficult for the organization to adapt to new situations and can lead to stagnation. The patron-client organization is a lot more flexible and is usually quick to embrace change. This allows the organization to be more dynamic and responsive, but it can also mean that it is less stable overall.
The major difference between the patron-client model and the bureaucratic structure is that patron-client businesses are run by a person who is referred to as “the boss.” The organization is structured like a family with a strong bond in which trust and loyalty are demonstrated to each other. According to Collins, “patrimonial elites are more ceremonial and personalistic” (Abadinsky, 2007).
On the other hand, bureaucratic models are operated by an individual who is in control and has a formal organizational structure. The leader follows rules and regulations set by the organization. Collins 1975 argues that “bureaucratic elites are more rational and legalistic” (Abadinsky, 2007).
The patron-client model is more common in developing countries because it is easier to maintain personal relationships than it is to maintain a bureaucratic structure. In developed countries, the bureaucratic model is more prevalent because it offers more opportunities for upward mobility and creates a merit-based system.
There are two types of bureaucracies: public and private. Public bureaucracies are created by the government in order to provide services to the citizens, while private bureaucracies are created by businesses and organizations in order to make a profit.
The Mafia is an example of a patron-client organization. The Mafia is a crime syndicate that originated in Italy. The Mafia is organized into families, with each family having a boss. The boss makes all of the decisions for the family and controls all of the resources. The members of the Mafia are expected to show loyalty and respect to the boss.
In return, the client performs necessary duties that are organized by the patron (boss). The client is controlled by the patron, who also sets up all contact meetings. Within the patron-client structure, the patron has authority over money through networking with other clients involved in criminal activities such as drug trafficking, fraud, and money laundering.
The second model is the military model. The key players in this model are the soldiers who take orders from a general, who in turn reports to a supreme leader. The chain of command is very important in this model, as there can be severe consequences for not following orders. This type of structure is often seen in gangs and drug cartels.
The third model is the family model. This is where the family members are involved in the criminal activity together. The family provides support and protection for each other and they work together to make sure that the criminal activity is successful. This type of structure is often seen in organized crime families.
Each of these models has its own advantages and disadvantages. The patron-client model is good for networking and generating income, but it can be difficult to maintain control over the clients. The military model is good for maintaining discipline and order, but it can be difficult to adapt to changes. The family model is good for providing support and protection, but it can be difficult to keep the family members motivated.
It is important to note that these are just models and that not all organized crime groups will fit perfectly into one of these categories. Some groups may use a combination of these models, or they may have their own unique structure. It is also important to remember that these models are not mutually exclusive, and that a group may use elements from more than one model.