Piggy’s Glasses Symbolism


Lord of the Flies is a novel written by William Golding that tells the story of a group of boys stranded on an uninhabited island. One of the most important symbols in the novel is Ralph and Piggy’s glasses. The glasses represent hope, reason, and intelligence. They are also a symbol of civilization and order.

When the boys first arrived on the island, they used the glasses to start a fire. This showed that they were still civilized and had some sense of order. However, as time went on and the boys started to become more savage, they began to use the glasses for other purposes. They used them to kill animals and to make spears. The glasses came to represent savagery and disorder.

In the end, when Ralph is trying to escape from the island, he runs into Piggy and tries to take his glasses. Piggy pleads with Ralph not to take them because they are the only thing that he has left. This shows how much the glasses mean to Piggy and how important they are as a symbol.

The glasses are a symbol of hope, reason, and intelligence. They are also a symbol of civilization and order. However, they can also represent savagery and disorder. It all depends on how they are used.

The protagonist in this novel is a function of his environment. “Lord of the Flies” is a fantastic example of how to incorporate symbolism into fiction. William Golding utilized rich literary color in his narrative, making it come alive and real for the reader. Throughout the whole book, Golding’s use of symbolism is obvious. Ralph, who was well-developed by Golding as a leader, was the most prominent figure in the tale.

Ralph is first introduced in the novel when he is seen on a beach with Piggy. Ralph is fair-haired and built like a boxer, while Piggy is asthmatic, has poor eyesight, and wears thick glasses. From the very beginning, it was evident that Ralph was a natural leader. He took charge of the situation and got the boys organized. He was elected chief, and he made rules and established democracy on the island.

Ralph’s power and leadership were symbolized by his conch shell. The conch shell was used as a tool to call assembly. Whenever someone wanted to speak at an assembly, they had to blow into the conch shell first. This showed that Ralph had the power to control the boys and the situation.

The glasses that Piggy wore were also a symbol of power. The glasses represented civilization, intelligence, and order. Without Piggy’s glasses, the signal fire could not be lit, and they could not be rescued. The glasses were also used as a weapon to kill Ralph’s enemy, Roger.

By employing rich descriptions of him that almost made the reader feel as if she or he was acquainted with Ralph by the conclusion of the tale, Golding transformed him into a round figure. Even in his very first sentence, when he says, “This is an island; at least I believe it’s an island,” you can see his sense of observation: “This is an island; at least I think it’s an island.”

That is-“, and then he gets cut off by Piggy saying how he hates being called names like fats or four eyes. Ralph is the first to see the conch, which will later be used as a tool of democracy on the island. When they all gather around the fire, Ralph is very clear that they need some type of structure if they want to be rescued, “I agree with Ralph.

We’ve got to have rules and obey them. After all, we’re not savages. We’re English, and the English are best at everything.” This statement not only foreshadows their descent into savagery but also displays his naïveté about human nature. Naïveté is also seen when Piggy tries to get the others to use his glasses to start a fire.

Ralph scoffs at the idea, “And then what? Smoke ourselves to death?” This comment not only shows his lack of foresight but also his refusal to think outside the box and try something new. However, Piggy’s glasses do end up playing a very important role in the novel as they are used to create fire, which is essential for their survival.

Golding also uses Piggy’s glasses as a symbol for power and control on the island. The fact that Piggy is the only one who can see properly without them highlights his dependency on them and makes him vulnerable to attack. When Jack steals them from him, it strips Piggy of his power and essentially renders him useless.

This is seen when Piggy pleads with Jack to give him his glasses back, “You need my glasses! How else are you going to make a fire?” However, Jack is uninterested in Piggy’s pleas and instead mocks him, “What good are specs going to be-“, before turning away and leaving Piggy powerless. Golding uses this scene to show how the loss of power can lead to the loss of control and ultimately lead to savagery.

“That’s a reef in the ocean. There may be no more adults around.” Although this is not a direct description of Ralph, it demonstrates how perceptive and wise he is. Golding continues to characterize Ralph in a deeper way throughout the rest of the novel, giving the reader an actual feel for what kind of kid he is. When the rules are being broken and the boys are becoming salvages, Ralph attempts to maintain order later on in the book.

“We’ve got to have rules and obey them. After all, we’re not savages. We’re English, and the English are best at everything.” This shows that Ralph is very obedient and wants things done in an orderly fashion. Another characterization of Ralph is his physical appearance. Golding describes him as “fair-haired” and “tall for his age”. He also has blue eyes which makes him look trustworthy.

Another important character in Lord of the Flies is Piggy. He is obese, has asthma, and is nearsighted. He relies on his glasses not only to see but also to be able to think clearly. Piggy tries to reason with the other boys and get them to see things from his point of view but they don’t listen to him. “I know there isn’t no beast… but I know there isn’t no fear, either.” This quote displays how Piggy has more common sense than the other boys but is not taken seriously because he is not as physically fit as they are.

Golding uses Ralph and Piggy’s glasses as a symbol for intelligence and civilization. When the glasses are stolen it shows how the boys are becoming savages and losing their connection to the outside world. The Lord of the Flies is a novel about a group of boys who get stranded on an island and have to fend for themselves.

They start off by electing a leader and making rules but soon start breaking them and turn into savages. The two main characters, Ralph and Piggy, represent civilization and intelligence. Their glasses symbolize this because without them they would be lost and wouldn’t be able to see things clearly.


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